The study of the situation of women-headed households in Iran

Majlis Research Center studied the situation of women- headed household in the country.

The population of Iranian women-headed households and self-headed women are increasing as many countries, the office of cultural studies said. Statistics show that the percentage of these women has been increased from 8.4 percent in 1996 to 9.5 in 2006, it added. According to the statistics, you can get that women-headed households are a disparate group (in terms of literacy and education, age, individual abilities, and personal and social skills). According to the report, these women are supported by the constitution and legislation, but they are divided into two major groups by laws as follows:
1. Income women: including working women, retired women, and salaried women that in fact, they are known as women-headed households by the related legislation and due to the financial ability, supportive laws do not apply to them.
2. Non-income women include all women who are applied by supportive laws because of inability of finance and so they are known as women without support by laws, public relations office of Majlis Research Center reported.

Approved laws attempt further to develop a strategy for supporting these women (income or non-income women), but there is no a specific article to fill the women's emotional vacuum while one of the concerns of all these women is to fear of their own loneliness in the future. However at the end of paragraph "2" Article 4 of providing women without support and unattended children Act has been mentioned to prepare the way for marriage and family formation, the report continued.

Finally, Majlis Research Center made recommendations to solve the problems of women-headed households as follows:

1. The centralization of all supportive and empowerment affairs of women-headed households and self-headed women in an organization seems to be necessary because all supportive and empowerment activities are centralized and parallel works are hampered.

2. Creating a database of women-headed households in Iran: a women-headed household's database should be created to codify laws and appropriate planning for the improvement of women-headed households' situation, to provide accurate and comprehensive statistics and information on their number and status, and to update their information.

3. Appropriately making culture to marry divorced or widowed women-headed households and self-headed women to overcome the obstacles because one of the fears of these women is the fear of their own loneliness in the future. Legislation may enable them economically, but their emotional vacuums can not be filled by it.

4. Supporting the establishment and development of NGOs by women-headed households and their children is necessary to help the women-headed households.